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Reverse glass painting - China Others - Ear Thermometer
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Reverse painting on glass is an art form consisting of applying paint to a piece of glass and then viewing the image by turning the glass over and looking through the glass at the image.
This art form has been around for many years. It was widely used for sacral paintings since Middle Ages. The most famous was the art of icons in the Byzantine Empire. Later the painting on glass spread to Italy where in Venice it influenced its Renaissance art. Since the mid of 18th century painting on glass became favored by the Church and the nobility throughout Central Europe. A number of clock faces were created using this technique in the early to mid 1800s. Throughout 19th century painting on glass was widely popular as folk art in Austria, Bavaria, Moravia, Bohemia and Slovakia. Unfortunately, during the inter-war period (1914-1945) this traditional 'naive' technique fell nearly to a complete oblivion and its methods of paint composition and structural layout had to be re-invented by combining crylic and oil paints. Also the style of painting and especially the themes had to be varied and adjusted to new perceptions of the world in modern times. Thus painting on glass started to become popular again since 1990s. However, many painters of this genre affirm that abandoning that unique tradition of naivist approach to painting on glass is rather difficult. Therefore the painting on glass becomes a natural selection for refurbishing a new house built in a traditional rustic style. For example, the recently erected Catholic church at Radstka in Northern Slovakia opted for having its Stations of the Cross on 14 large pictures all painted on glass.
The painting can be realistic or abstract. Realistic reverse paintings are more challenging to create as one must, for example, in painting a face, to put the pupil of an eye on the glass before the iris, exactly the opposite of normal painting. If this is neglected the artist will not be able to correct the error as he will not get in between the glass and the paint already applied. No such care need be taken with the abstract form, but with this form you do not have a good idea how the piece will look like until you are finished painting it. This process is not like stained or leaded glass work in that it is not intended to hang in a window with light coming through the piece. Hanging on a wall, framed or unframed, with a lot of light directed towards the piece provides best viewing.
This style of painting is found in traditional Romanian icons originating from Transylvania.
Recently this style of painting is gaining fame in its depiction of Hindu deities especially in Southern India. These invariably involvea large amount of gold paint and colours, like red and green, for the gem stones adorning the deities. The most prominent step in this style of painting is that the gem stones on the different pieces of jewelries are painted first and then coated with gold to provide the jewelry effect. Acrylic paint is the commonly used painting medium and these involve very thin brushes and minute workmanship. This style of painting could rival the traditional Tanjore painting in the coming years with its stylish appeal and much lesser costs in the near future.
George Huszar creating an Icon
George Huszar: Romanian Icon
aint Anne teaches Mary, Austrian folk painting, early 19th century
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Categories: Painting techniques ; Glass artHidden categories: Articles lacking sources from December 2009 ; All articles lacking sources
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